Universe and human body is an interplay of the energies of the five great
Prithvi (Earth), Jala (Water), Vayu (Air), Agni (Fire), Aakash (Ether), which
building blocks of all matter. “AYUSKAMA” logo is also inspired and represents
Panch Mahabhuta Tattva (five great elements).
Each of these Panch Mahabhuta Tattva (five great elements) has its own functions
and characteristic described below:
The first tattva of Pancha Mahabhuta Tattva (five great elements)
is “Earth” which is translated as Prithvi/Bhumi in Sanskrit. This tattva is
by five senses that are Hearing, Smell, Taste, Touch and Sight. The physical
muscles and bones refers to Earth.
The second most important tattva is “water” Jala in Sanskrit.
This tattva has no odor (smell) but can be heard, felt, seen and tasted. In
human body, blood
and other fluids are referred to Water.
The next higher tattva in human body is “fire” Agni in Sanskrit.
In human body the temperature, jatharagni are refers to the fire. It can be
heard, felt and seen.
The fourth tattva of Pancha Mahabhuta Tattva (five great elements)
is “Air” Vayu or Pavan in Sanskrit. Air can be felt and heard only; one cannot
see the air. In
human body, the oxygen and carbon dioxide in the body refers to Air. It is
considered as one of
the most important factors in Pranayama.
The fifth and last tattva of Pancha Mahabhuta Tattva (five great
elements) is “Ether” which is translated in Sanskrit at Akash. Ether is the
medium of sound but
is inaccessible to all other senses. And as in human body the Atma (Soul) refers
The combination of these Pancha Mahabhuta Tattva (five great elements) makes our
will dissolve into respective elements upon death.
These are the characteristics of Pancha Mahabhuta Tattva (five great elements),
out of which
this universe is made up of. Using these attributes, everything in the world can
to be made up of a combination of these Pancha Mahabhuta Tattva (five great
different ratios and propositions. Even all the natural elements in the modern
in chemistry can be classified under these Pancha Mahabhuta Tattva (five great
For example, a steel rod has more earth than wood. Wood has earth and water.
Our body has all 5 i.e. Ether and Air (Hollow Organs and body cavities).
Fire (temperature, jatharagni), Earth (Bony structures) and water
(Saliva, digestive Juices and intracellular or extracellular fluid).
An atom also depicts the combination of Pancha Mahabhuta Tattva (five great
The electric charge depicts the fire energy within the atom. Nuclear reaction is
example of fire energy contained within an atom.
The Earth element is represented by the mass of the electron, proton and neutrons
as subatomic particles within an atom.
Water is responsible for the cohesion between the subatomic particles. They are
bound in an
atom because of the cohesive nature of the water element.
The empty Air element is represented by the force which is causing movements of
around the nucleus.
Ether is empty space between space in and around atoms.
The balance of these Energies, particularly Vata (Air), Pitta (Fire), Kapha
(Water) keeps the
atom and prevents it from becoming an atomic bomb. Similarly, these energies are
moving the whole
The example of planets and galaxies moving around in space also fit into the
example of a tri-energy module.
The balance of these elements fluctuates in different environments and one
element can transform
into another. For example, the water element can change into the earth element
if it is stored in
a very low temperature. Similarly, the same water if heated turns into a stream
and evaporates and becomes space.
Similarly, if we burn something, it will change its form. Suppose we burn a piece
part of it evaporates by becoming space and air and it changes from earth to Air
Representation of Pancha Mahabhuta Tattva (five great elements) in Human being:
Pancha Mahabhuta Tattva (five great elements) are present in various living and
things in various ratios and proportion. Living things have five great elements
and a soul whereas
non-living things have only five great elements in their composition.
These Pancha Mahabhuta Tattva (five great elements) represent themselves in the
form of 3 energies in human called
‘Dosha’ or Tri-Dosha. These Dosha can also be called Tri-Energies.
According to Ayurveda and Yoga, Pancha Mahabhuta Tattva (five great elements) are
with the overall health of human beings. Any disorder in human body indicates
imbalance of one
or more of these elements. Yoga Tattva Mudra Vijnana relates these Pancha
(five great elements) to five fingers of human being. Different Mudra were
developed to balance
these in human body which form the Hasta Mudra in yogic tradition and are used
The three dosha- three intrinsic tendencies, which, according to Ayurveda are
every human being, are a representation of a combination of these Pancha
(five great elements) in human body. The three Dosha have subtle positive
essences which control
the mind and body function.
According to Yoga, the aim of sadhana is to have mastery over oneself. This
mastery can be achieved by
mastering all the basic elements. The process of gaining mastery over these
elements and purifying them is
called Bhuta Shuddhi. Pancha Mahabhuta Tattva (five great elements) Stalam is a
representation of Pancha Mahabhuta
Tattva (five great elements) for yogic practice. People used to move from one
temple to another and do sadhana on
a particular basic element.
Seven Chakras: The seven Chakras in the human subtle body are associated with
these Pancha Mahabhuta Tattva (five great elements).
Knowledge, Intuition, Dignity
Hasta Mudra or hand posture is based on the Pancha Mahabhuta Tattva (five great
The basic assumption is that all the Pancha Mahabhuta Tattva (five great
elements) can be represented by five different
fingers in human body as shown in the table below.
Kanishthika, Little Finger
Anamika, Ring Finger
Madhyama, Middle Finger
Tarjani, Index Finger
Vastu shastra emphasizes on the placement of Pancha Mahabhuta Tattva (five great
elements) in specified direction and the balance of these elements determines
the condition of the associated structure.
Movements, joy, happiness
Power, confidence, fame
Spirituality, ideas, thoughts, healing
Stability, peace and harmony
These correlations are used to define an ideal home: The house itself is placed
so that maximum load and weight is in the southwest area of the plot. Thus,
there is maximum open space in the north and east sides of the plot, satisfying
Vayu/air and Akasha/ether. The main gate, the verandah and the main door are in
the northeast of the house; south of the verandah the main living room, and
south of that one or two bedrooms. The kitchen is placed in the southeast corner
of the house, to balance Akasha and Agni.
Pancha Mahabhuta Tattva (five great elements) is associated with six human tastes
jal, prithvi' (Earth and Water)
Prithvi, Agni (Earth and Fire)
Jal, Agni (Water and Fire)
Vayu, Agni (Air and Fire)
vayu pritvi (Air and Earth)
Jyotish / Astrology:
Jyotish, in Sanskrit translated as “Science of Light,”. The term Jyotish includes
the study of astronomy, astrology and the science
of timekeeping using the movements of astronomical bodies.
The classification of Rashi based on the Pancha Mahabhuta Tattva (five great
elements) is of great significance in Jyotish.
Jyotish/Astrologer can find the nature of a person by studying the Tattva and
their potencies in a birth chart. Pancha Mahabhuta
Tattva (five great elements) are represented by these five planets: Jupiter for
Ether, Saturn for Air, Mars for Fire, Mercury for
Earth, and Venus for Water.
In upcoming blogs we will try to explain more details about the importance of
Pancha Mahabhuta Tattva in the segments discussed above.
Always wishing for your long & healthy